Of course, no lover of tubes should be without the original masterpiece, Russel O. Hamm’s Tubes vs. Transistors.
Henry Pasternack (who will always have my respect for being a solid engineer) wrote some good posts to rec.audio.tech and rec.audio.tubes over the years. Here are three series on: tube amp power supplies, vacuum tube fundamentals, and electromagnetics.
NEW (4-20-09): Henry’s given the internet some additional explanation of choke vs. cap input power supplies.
I typed out this short but hopefully sweet primer on compensation and negative feedback.
A small description of grid current.
(5-16-09) An old thread in which i briefly discuss choke input supplies in guitar amps appears courtesy of Steve Ahola.
Here is an article on an inductively coupled concertina phase splitter, which provides better performance than a more traditional resistance loaded design.
Here’s how to design a low noise input stage.
An email I wrote about the cascode connection.
A quick note on operating points by Paul Joppa.
Here’s a couple of emails between myself and Steve Bench regarding slew rate limiting. Here is a detailed description of slew rate, and how to avoid slew rate limiting (a work in progress). Also, here are a few posts from the Audio Asylum between Lynn Olson and myself on the same subject, and an old couple of posts from R.A.T.
Here’s another email from Steve on paralleling electrolytic capacitors.
Scott Frankland provides some wisdom on regulating pentode g2 supplies.
Sometimes I would blow a mains fuse on powering up the BAGA, and sometimes I wouldn’t. Steve tells me what the deal is here.
I go off on a little ramble about designing guitar amp circuits in this email.
Ever wonder why triodes are so damned linear? They can be thought of as pentodes with negative feedback applied. For more info, click here.
Henry Pasternack and I discuss back-EMF.
Filamentary triodes sound different with AC vs. DC heater current. Here Steve Bench talks about why.
Sometimes a cap input filter actually has better regulation that a choke input filter. Find out here.
Remco Stoutjesdijk offers a primer on digital encoding.
Paul Joppa offers some ballpark numbers for parallel feed fidelity.
Lynn Olson offers some sage words on the effects of different rectifiers.
Some words on Mumetal and shielding.
Emulation of Amplifier Overdrive Through the Use of the Nonlinear Output Response of Diodes By Dustin Lindley, and Nishant Parulekar
SE Class A notes by Nelson Pass of PassLabs.
Erno Borbely talks about JFETS.
I recently installed a CCS plate load for the input stage of my guitar preamp. Here’s a small discussion.
Here’s a few words on the pole-zero pair that is found in the bypassed cathode (or source, or emitter) resistor.
How do long-tailed pairs split phase, even with one input? Find out!
A short discussion on the ramifications of paralleled output tubes.
Here’s an article on the effects of fixed vs. cathode bias on output stages (thanks to Sound Practices).
Ivan Johnson goes into detail about the cancellation of distortion which occurs when two stages are cascaded (thanks to Sound Practices). Also Guido Tent uses some heavy math to calculate the effects of two non-linear stages in cascade.
Push-pull theory got you down? Here’s an article that goes into more detail. Ever wonder why class A push-pull amps work into a load of Raa/2 instead of Raa/4 as the turns ratio would suggest? Wonder no longer! (Thanks to Dave Slagle for scanning it from Eastman, “Fundamentals of Vacuum Tubes.”)
Here’s an article by Yuziro Kusunoze entitled “Calculation of Characteristics and the Design of Triodes,” which appeared in the October, 1929 Proc. IRE.
Wonder about cathodes and contact potentials? Go here for a discussion.
You’ve probably heard that the Ampeg SVT is capable of class AB2 operation. I don’t agree!
“Introduction to the Low Noise, High Bandwidth, Zero Rumble, Vacuum Tube Modification Manual,” by Ike Eisenson, Audio Dimensions, Inc.
All About Capacitors (quick reference guide).
An Electrolytic Capacitor Application Guide from RIFA.
Here are some pictures and formulas regarding NFB.
Ever wonder how a high voltage electrolytic cap’s voltage limit is determined? This article from RIFA explains it.
Sonic Frontiers wrote this primer on the Taste of Tubes.
Vacuum Tubes — I scanned in the first few hundred pages of this incredible book by Spangenberg.
Wire Table — Just what it sounds like… a wire table!
here is a FANTASTIC resource of older texts made available online: